illness */*/*/


illness */*/*/
UK [ˈɪlnəs] / US noun
Word forms "illness":
singular illness plural illnesses
Other ways of saying illness:
disease a serious illness that usually lasts a long time, often one that affects a particular part of the body: tropical diseases She has a rare lung disease. infection an illness that is caused by bacteria and that does not usually last a long time: He was off work with a throat infection. virus a very small germ that causes illness, or an illness caused by these things: The virus is highly contagious. She has a virus. condition an illness or medical problem that affects someone for a long time: a serious heart condition disorder (formal) a situation in which a particular part of someone's body does not operate normally, often causing illness for a long period of time: a stomach/heart/liver disorder ailment a minor illness that may be painful or uncomfortable: He was complaining about his various ailments. bug (informal) an illness caused by a virus or bacteria that is not serious and that does not usually last a long time: a stomach bug
Metaphor:
Trying to recover from an illness or trying to stay healthy is like fighting a battle, with the illness as your enemy. Dying from an illness is like losing a battle. A good diet will help your body fight disease. Jean died on Sunday after a long battle against cancer. I've been fighting off a cold all week. Vitamins help build resistance to infection. The virus attacks the immune system. He has suffered from regular bouts of depression. You tend to get ill when your body's natural defences are low. The company is developing a new drug to combat malaria. Simple hygiene measures can help guard against infection. He was diagnosed with invasive lung cancer. She is suffering from the most aggressive form of the disease. Millions of people are falling victim to AIDS every year.
[uncountable] the state of feeling ill or of having a disease

He missed five days of school because of illness.

patients who are recovering from major surgery or serious illness

a) [countable] a particular disease, or a period of being ill

She had had no serious illnesses, and had never been in hospital.

My aunt died that spring after a long illness.

b) [countable/uncountable] a serious mental problem

More than three million people suffer from severe mental illness.

depressive illnesses


English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Illness — (sometimes referred to as ill health or ail) can be defined as a state of poor health. It is sometimes considered a synonym for disease. [DorlandsDict|four/000052397|illness] Others maintain that fine distinctions exist.cite journal |author=Emson …   Wikipedia

  • Illness — Ill ness, n. [From {Ill}.] 1. The condition of being ill, evil, or bad; badness; unfavorableness. [Obs.] The illness of the weather. Locke. [1913 Webster] 2. Disease; indisposition; malady; disorder of health; sickness; as, a short or a severe… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • illness — I noun affliction, ailing, ailment, complaint, defect, disability, disease, disorder, infirmity, malady, prostration, sickness associated concepts: mental illness, terminal illness, Unemployment Compensation, Workers Compensation Law II index …   Law dictionary

  • illness — (n.) disease, sickness, 1680s, from ILL (Cf. ill) + NESS (Cf. ness). Earlier it meant bad moral quality (c.1500) …   Etymology dictionary

  • illness — [n] disease; bad health affliction, ailing, ailment, attack, breakdown, bug*, collapse, complaint, confinement, convalescence, disability, diseasedness, disorder, disturbance, dose, failing health, fit, flu, ill health, indisposition, infirmity,… …   New thesaurus

  • illness — ► NOUN ▪ a disease or period of sickness …   English terms dictionary

  • illness — [il′nis] n. 1. the condition of being ill, or in poor health; sickness; disease 2. Obs. wickedness …   English World dictionary

  • illness — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ deadly, fatal, incurable, terminal ▪ catastrophic (AmE, law), critical, dangerous, debilitating, devastating …   Collocations dictionary

  • illness — ill|ness W3S2 [ˈılnıs] n [U and C] a disease of the body or mind, or the condition of being ill ▪ She had all the normal childhood illnesses . ▪ I d been told I d been suffering from various illnesses . ▪ Her mother was just recovering from an… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • illness*/*/*/ — [ˈɪlnəs] noun 1) [U] the state of feeling ill or having a disease He missed five days of school because of illness.[/ex] 2) [C] a particular disease, or a period of being ill a serious illness[/ex] • Other ways of saying illness ■ bug (informal)… …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English


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